Saturday, May 23, 2020

Import Substitution Industrialization And The East Asian...

Essay Import Substitution Industrialization and the East Asian Model After the end of the World War II the world faced the challenges of economic and social recovery. The majority of developing countries based their economies on Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI), a state-oriented approach to a trade and economic policy. ISI supports the replacement of import with domestic production in order to reduce foreign dependency. This protectionist policy dominated in developing countries, especially in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, during the first 30 years after the World War II. By 1980s, when the main gains of ISI were exhausted and it demonstrated its inefficiency, the countries of East Asia adopted a new development strategy. Consequently, this new export-oriented and market-friendly strategy, the so-called East Asian model, has determined the successful economic and trade policy of East Asian countries during the next several decades. To understand the reasons of the shift from ISI to the East Asian model, it is necessary to carefully examine and contrast these two approaches and their supporting theories. The theoretical basis of ISI is represented by structuralism that justifies a state-concentrated development strategies. Structuralists base their theory on the premise that market of the developing countries does not work efficiently and, therefore, states have rights to promote and control manufacturing industries. The foundation of structuralists’Show MoreRelatedImport Substitution Industrialization And East Asian Model1354 Words   |  6 Pages Essay Import Substitution Industrialization and East Asian Model After the end of the World War II the world faced the challenges of economic and social recovery. The majority of developing countries based their economies on Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI), the state-oriented approach to a trade and economic policy. ISI supports the replacement of import with domestic production in order to reduce foreign dependency. This protectionist policy dominated in developing countries, especiallyRead MoreThe Growth And Rapid Growth Of East Asian Economies2202 Words   |  9 PagesThe resilience and rapid-growth of East Asian economies even in the face of rising protectionism in their major export markets and a global recession, has intrigued developmental specialists who see Latin America as a prime candidate for comparison. By becoming increasingly libertarian and by embracing neo-liberalism Latin American countries have sought to emulate the success of East Asian economies. Nevertheless they have found it difficult to maintain their previou s levels of growth, confrontingRead MoreGlobalization and Its Meaning Broadly Speaking, the Term ‘Globalization’ Means Integration of Economies and Societies Through Cross Country Flows of Information, Ideas, Technologies, Goods, Services, Capital,1074 Words   |  5 Pagesincreased integration, it took a long time to reach the Pre-World War I level. In terms of percentage of exports and imports to total output, the US could reach the pre-World War level of 11 per cent only around 1970. Most of the developing countries which gained Independence from the colonial rule in the immediate Post-World War II period followed an import substitution industrialization regime. The Soviet bloc countries were also shielded from the process of global economic integration. However,Read MoreThe Economic Progress Of Latin America2356 Words   |  10 Pageshandful of East Asian economies were able to achieve in three decades, from1960’s to the 1980’s sparked the curio sity of the world as to how such an astounding feat occurred. After the Second World War, countries from both East Asia and Latin America began to industrialize and competed vigorously in the world market, however it is worthy to note that Latin American had several advantages from the very beginning. These include higher per capita income, higher level of industrialization, higher savingRead MoreThe Development Of The East Asian Miracle2515 Words   |  11 Pagesof the most important arguments in the extant literature on the East Asian Miracle with particular reference to South Korea. In this section, I integrate the preceding two sections on the existing literature and propose an alternative theory. In brief sum, the existing developmental state literature, including that specific to South Korea, argues that the developmental state causes economic growth through export-led industrialization. I reverse the order of two links in that theoretical chain. SpecificallyRead MoreHow Tra de Policies Affect Economic Growth And Development3661 Words   |  15 Pagesgrowth and development has become a controversial topic. After World War 2, colonial areas that gained independence after the war believed they could reach higher income levels like their former colonizer only through rapid government controlled industrialization. Many developing countries adopted measures intended to reduce their independence on the export of primary goods (such as coffee, copper, and wheat). The justification for such policies came from a belief that demand of primary goods to manufacturesRead MoreFactors Of Economic Growth : Case Study Of South Korea3683 Words   |  15 Pageseconomic growth. Developing countries strive to foster effective strategies that will allow them to achieve economic growth. South Korea has been known as the model for economic growth. They transformed themselves from an underdeveloped country to one of the world’s most thriving economies. Many countries have tried to imitate the South Korean model as a means of having rapid growth. This paper will show, that a good base for economic gr owth can be formed through an export oriented led strategy, an improvementRead MoreEconomic Liberalisation in Zambia2633 Words   |  11 Pagesroughly two pent per year since 1965, and was a meagre $380 in the early 1990s (Thomas P Sheehy, 1992). Zambia had one of the world’s largest per capita recipients of foreign aid throughout the 1970s and much of the 1980s. Nationalization and Industrialization At independence, Zambia’s economy was mainly dependent on copper mining that accounted for 90 per cent of its export earnings (Republic of Zambia 1996). The leadership was committed to the promotion of economic development and restructuring theRead MoreOEM, ODM, OBM3016 Words   |  13 Pages 1- Introduction This essay is based on the work of Michael Hobday titled â€Å"East versus Southeast Asian Innovation Systems: Comparing OEM- and TNC-led Growth in Electronics†. Hobday’s paper analyses the triggers of innovation in both regions, within the electronics industry. He found that East Asian (EA) electronic industry developed mainly due to their domestic firms’ engagement in exports whereas Southeast Asian (SEA) companies developed primarily because of the Transnational CorporationsRead MorePhilippines Underdevelopment5539 Words   |  23 Pagesvery caring, and kind people. The country remains to be left behind by the other countries that happened to be in the same spot and condition long time ago. Economic growth has been a big problem to sustain at least partial progression. As the industrialization come into view, the country seek ways on how to get advantageous step towards achieving economic growth and the Philippine government was determined effort at globalizing the economy. The period 1990s saw the most intensive free-market restructuring

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Leadership And Management Leadership - 835 Words

Leadership Verses Management The world is made up of leaders and managers. There are leaders and managers in every aspect of life. In many instances leadership and management are referred to as being the same. This paper will evaluate the differences between leadership and management. In today s organizations, leaders and managers are needed in order to operate successfully. Even though managers and leaders are different, they both have many similarities that will be discussed in this paper. Roles of Leadership and Management The leadership role is very important in any organization. Leaders are there to help influence individuals or groups in achieve the common goals of the organization. Leaders need to have a variety of characteristics to ensure that the job is done efficiently and effectively as possible. Leaders must be able to coach the people they are leading. They should also be confident in their abilities to lead. On the other hand managers are like a mirror of a leader. Managers focus on communicating rules, exercise executive, administrative and supervisory direction to the individual or group within the organization. Most managers don t have a personal relationship with the employees. They are there to maintain the task of the day to day operations. It s the manager job to be task-oriented whether than focusing on the people. Leaders need to be creative in order to keep the instance of the individual or group. It is important they know how toShow M oreRelatedLeadership And Management And Leadership1569 Words   |  7 PagesLeadership is about seeking constructive change and management is about establishing order (Northouse, 2015). Warren Bennis (1997) wrote in  Learning to Lead: A Workbook on Becoming a Leader  that â€Å"There is a profound difference between management and leadership, and both are important. To manage means to bring about, to accomplish, to have charge of or responsibility for, to conduct. Leading is influencing, guiding in a direction, course, action, opinion. The distinction is crucial.† (Leiding,Read MoreManagement And Leadership : Leadership1023 Words   |  5 PagesManagement and Leadership In Leadership, Leadership, Leadership Are We All Chanting the Wrong Mantra, the authors says, â€Å"Leadership is simply management of higher level things† (McCormack, 2009, p.1) and that the leader manages the vision, people’s perception and their own behavior (p.1). McCormack continues his analysis by saying, â€Å"There are times when leadership simply cannot take place† (p.2). McCormack appears to believe that organizations and universities should not teach, encourage or tolerateRead MoreLeadership And Management And Leadership1146 Words   |  5 Pages Leadership and Management Contrary to popular belief, the terms leadership and management are often thought of as hand in hand, but in retrospect they both have very strong different meanings and are not the same. There are some similar characteristics that can very much persuade some that they align in the same manner. They can be notably known as terms that are used interchangeably in the business world. â€Å"Management is a function that must be exercised in any business, whereas leadershipRead MoreLeadership And Management And Leadership1173 Words   |  5 PagesLeadership is a term that is often misunderstood and misinterpreted in the business world. In the world of CEOs, CFOs, vice-presidents and managers, it is important to distinguish the difference between what is considered management and what is considered leadership. While these two terms are not mutually exclusive, but it is imperative that they are not comprehended as mutually inclusive either. In this context, I will be comparing leadership and management as presented in the college textbookRead MoreLeadership And Management : Leadership1126 Words   |  5 PagesAs we know that, leadership is nothing. But the influencing flowers. Leadership includes three fundamental clusters of skills creating vision, garnering commitment to that vision, an managing progress toward the realization of that vision. powerful and effective leaders plays very vital role to reach the maximum production for any organization. This is why, Organizational renowned scholars have been studying of this very significant topic of leadership for literally hundreds of years. Because.Read MoreLeadership Vs. Management : Leadership And Management1550 Words   |  7 Pagesauthor of On Becoming a Leader: The Leadership Classic, is best known for, that addresses why there is a difference between Leadership versus Management (Murray, What is the Difference Between Management and Leadership?, 2009). Just like most people, I use â€Å"leadership† and â€Å"management† interchangeably because one feels that they are probably the same thing or embody the same characteristics. Further discussion will provide details on what leadership is, what management entails, and why they are differentRead MoreManagement Vs. Leadership : Management And Leadership1061 Words   |  5 PagesManagement vs. Leadership Introduction Presently many of us have learned that managers are primarily administrators who have learned to write business plans, utilize their resources and keep track of progress. We must learn that we are not limited by job title, and that means we can utilize our management skills in any position that we are in. We must also know that we can use our leadership skills in the same situations. On the other hand we have also learned that leaders are people who haveRead MoreLeadership Vs. Management : Leadership And Management1312 Words   |  6 PagesLeadership vs. Management Nowadays, it is impractical to think of an organization without an effective leader, as well as an active manager. The two are much in common as they are essential in the organizational hierarchy, and they are crucial elements in running any business enterprise. However, there are several differences between the two terms. Based on the definition, leadership means the power and ability of a person to motivate, influence, and enhance members to contribute towards the commonRead MoreLeadership Theory Of Leadership And Management1341 Words   |  6 PagesZohrab Mammadov Dr. Betty Rottmann Leadership Theory January 30, 2014 Leadership vs Management Introduction: Leadership - concept has multiple meanings. It can be used in various activity where means something concrete. In a control system, in management leadership possesses a special role. Management in market economy is a management for the purpose of achievement of the highest efficiency of the organization, satisfaction of consumers, receiving the maximum profit. Respectively, each organizationRead MoreLeadership and Management977 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership and management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. However, these words actually describe two different concepts. The following report will discuss the differences and examine the roles and responsibilities of leaders in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture. What is leadership, and what is the difference between leadership and management? • Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, i.e. a leader is the spearhead

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sections Free Essays

Section Four: Software to Support Assessment 1)In a 750-1,000 word essay, draft your proposal to utilize software to support assessment in the classroom as a part of your Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan (Benchmark Assessment), which is due in Module 7. Consider the following: a)In what ways can technology facilitate the ongoing effort to assess student learning? b)What is the difference between formative assessment and summative assessment and how can technology be used to facilitate both? c)What are the pros and cons of using technology to assess student learning? )Should a teacher only use technology to assess student learning? Why or why not? 2)Support your rationale from your required readings and from three to five peer-reviewed articles from the GCU eLibrary. 3)Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the GCU Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. We will write a custom essay sample on Sections: or any similar topic only for you Order Now An abstract is not required. 4)The instructor will provide commentary on your draft, which you will then use as a basis for revising this section. The revised section will then become part of the complete Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan (Benchmark Assessment), due in Module 7. Refer to the rubric portion of this resource (below) for grading criteria for this assignment. 5)The draft of this section is due by the end of Module 5. Section Five: Technology Ethics in the Classroom 1)Construct a 750-1,000 word essay drafting your proposal for the ethical uses of technology in the classroom as a part of your Comprehensive Classroom Technology Plan (Benchmark Assessment), which is due in Module 7. 2)Address the following issues in your essay: a)Discuss Internet security and how you would implement this in your classroom to protect the students from Internet predators and any inappropriate material. )Explain the way that you would create proper copyright and student use agreements that could be used in your classroom or in any K-12 classroom. c)Discuss three ethical practices of technology use that you would implement in your classroom and explain their importance in a K-12 classroom. 3)Use the GCU eLibrary to research a minimum of three to five peer-reviewed artic les that can be used in support of your content. 4)Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the GCU Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. How to cite Sections:, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Assessment of Green Tea Benefits for PICO Model- myassignmenthelp

Question: Write about the Assessment of Green Tea Benefits for PICO Model. Answer: Introduction Tea originated in China, over 4000 years ago. Tea was initially used in the form of medicine. Later on it became a widely used beverage during the Han dynasty. The medical benefits of green tea consumption include cancer prevention, antiarthritic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidative, neuroprotective properties. These health promoting effects are due to the presence of polyphenol (flavonols and flavanols). This essay aims to provide a critical analysis of the probable effectiveness of green tea in reducing cancer, when compared to black tea in young women. Search terms Evidence based practice methods or questions related to clinical research need to be relevant to topic of interest. It should be designed in a way to simplify the search for the solution. PICO model makes this an easier task (Boehm et al., 2016). PICO is a mnemonic for the essential aspects of a clinical question. It identifies the key concepts of the article and formulates different search strategies to address the question (Liamputtong, 2013). The PICO model is mentioned in Table 1. Table 1- Key words used in PICO model PICO MODEL KEY WORDS/ PHRASES/ SEARCH TERMS ALTERNATE WORDS (OR) P Population (young female) Females of the age group 18-40, young females, adult females. I Intervention (use of green tea) How to drink green tea, green tea consumption C Comparison (medical benefits of green tea and black tea) green tea and cancer, cancer and herbs O Outcome (Improvement of Effect) Green tea, black tea anticancer Information source Two kinds of literature sources are available for clinical research. A primary literature in refers to journal articles, which report an original project and are written by experts and commercially published. These articles are reviewed. Secondary literature, like textbooks and encyclopedias analyze and interpret the primary sources (Stretton, 2014). Appropriate utilization of sources is essential for clinical research. For information on the possible anticancerous and herbal effects of green tea, the Cochrne library and the DIACAN database were used. Cochrane Library is helpful for healthcare professionals in addressing effectiveness of disease outcomes (Kontopantelis, Springate Reeves, 2013). DIACAN is an Integrated Database for Antidiabetic and Anticancer Medicinal Plants. It collects and provides a platform for phytochemicals extracted from plants, having antidiabetic or anticancer activity. Presently, cancer is one of the major causes of mortality and affects more than one-thir d of the worlds population. Phytochemical effects of natural products in anticancer drug discovery are quite prominent (James et al., 2013). These two databases will help in understanding the direct potential anticancerous benefits of green tea and its effectiveness in the target population for the case study. Search process Credibility plays an important role in clinical research. Credible sources and databases can change opinion and attitudes. Critical evaluation of the information available is needed to conduct clinical research. Firstly, all key terms were searched individually under the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. No limiters were included. Therefore, several related articles were obtained. Boolean operators like AND, OR were applied to the database to narrow the search results to topics that contain only the required information. Firstly, the Boolean phrase OR was used (green tea OR black tea) in between the key words, which displayed in large numbers of evidences. To narrow down the search results, the search terms used later on were green tea AND cancer and green tea AND anticancer properties. This eliminated displaying of unwanted results. Therefore, limiters or filters were used to further refine obtained search results. It was done by filtering the search results to recent public ation dates (from 2008). After following these techniques to refine the search, numerous relevant articles were obtained. Thus, these specific and selective results enabled precise answering of the PICO model. The search process using the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database is mentioned in Table 2. Table 2- Steps for narrowing search results ACTION SEARCH MODE RESULTS EXPANDERS/LIMITERS S1 Females of the age group 18-40 drinking tea OR young females drinking tea Searched all items 1068354 No limiters S2 green tea consumption OR health Searched all items 4054 No limiters S3 cancer AND herbs Searched all items 7 Limiters used S4 green tea OR black tea AND cancer Searched all items 4 Limiters used S5 S1 AND S2 AND S3 AND S4 Searched all items 3 Limiters used S6 S1 AND S2 AND S3 AND S4 Limiters used Published Date: 2008-2017 3 Limiters used Published Date: 2008-2017 (Source- Richardson?Tench et al., 2016) Best search result In this scenario, after utilizing the PICO model questions and limiting the search in the Cochrane library database, the evidence entitled Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer was found to be the best for the purpose of providing answers to the questions in the PICO model. This review was found in the Cochrane database of systematic reviews after searching the database with the limiters mentioned in the S6 hierarchy level. The review contains elaborate information on the anticancerous effects of catechin, an antioxidant found in polyphenol (the active ingredient of green tea). It used controlled interventional and observational studies to assess the link between incidence of cancer risk and consumption of green tea by several randomized trials (Boehm et al., 2009). The evidence was insufficient and conflicting to provide any information on the potential anticancerous benefits of green tea. Conclusion Thus, it can be concluded that for any clinical trial or research, healthcare professionals or researchers need to develop and implement a plan according to the PICO question model. They should utilize the best of resources available by limiting their search results to relevant topics. Narrowing search results provide better credibility of sources in formulating the outcomes. References Boehm, K., Borrelli, F., Ernst, E., Habacher, G., Hung, S. K., Milazzo, S., Horneber, M. (2009). Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer.The Cochrane Library. Greenhalgh, T., Bidewell, J., Crisp, E., Lambros, A., Warland, J. (2016). Understanding Research Methods for Evidence-Based Practice in Health 1e. James, P., Mathai, V. A., Shajikumar, S., Pereppadan, P. A., Sudha, P., Keshavachandran, R., Nazeem, P. A. (2013). DIACAN: integrated database for antidiabetic and anticancer medicinal plants.Bioinformation,9(18), 941. Kontopantelis, E., Springate, D. A., Reeves, D. (2013). A re-analysis of the Cochrane Library data: the dangers of unobserved heterogeneity in meta-analyses.PloS one,8(7), e69930. Liamputtong, P. (2013).Research methods in health: foundations for evidence-based practice. Lodi, G., Franchini, R., Warnakulasuriya, S., Varoni, E. M., Sardella, A., Kerr, A. R., ... Worthington, H. V. (2016). Interventions for treating oral leukoplakia to prevent oral cancer.The Cochrane Library. Richardson?Tench, M., Taylor, B., Kermode, S., Roberts, K. (2016). Inquiry in health care.South Melbourne, Australia: Cengage Learning. Stretton, S. (2014). Systematic review on the primary and secondary reporting of the prevalence of ghostwriting in the medical literature.BMJ open,4(7), e004777.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Expanding into Mexico Benefits, Risks and Impediments

Introduction Globalization and improvement in communication have opened up the international market. Most of the companies venturing into these markets seek to increase their sales volume, diversify their operations, increase the profit margin, avoid excessive competition in the domestic market and also increase their market share.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Expanding into Mexico: Benefits, Risks and Impediments specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though the benefits of expanding globally are enormous, there are many risks and impediments that may hamper the expansion process. These risks include price fluctuations, exchange rate volatility, political influences, legal and regulatory rules. The company management must therefore carefully evaluate the target market so as to project the expected profits and understand the challenges in order to develop effective entry strategies. Prior knowledge needed prior to expanding into Mexico Before the company can expand to Mexico, it is necessary for the company to evaluate various factors that are imperative for the overall success of the expansion strategy. First, the target market is very important as it forms the consumer base for the company. Currently, Mexico has about 110 million people. It is the 13th largest economy in the world and the 11th most populous country in the world. The country trades with the USA as the most important import and export partner. The nation has an elaborate transport and communication network which is ideal for doing business. Most of the residents are in the upper middle class level. The country is an emerging power and has become one of the industrialized nations. The country supports several trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) according to which it trades with the USA. Profitability The company hopes that the business will be profitable due to the large population in t he country. Since the country is expanding to a market where the competition is not very high, it expects to capture a large portion of the market and hence the business will be profitable. In addition to the large target market, the country labor force is enormous as compared to the USA.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The labor rates are lower in Mexico and hence the company will reduce its operations costs, and this will increase the profit margins. The company expects that Mexico has lower taxes and lower rental rates which increase the profit margins. Potential risks Despite the increase in profits that are expected, the company has several risks that may affect the running of the business. The crime rate is very high causing a lot of uncertainties and instabilities. In Mexico, the market is controlled by cartels which are hard to break up. These cartels pose signi ficant threat to the company as the cartel can cause physical damage to the new company structure and workers. Competition: The other potential risks come from the competitors. These are the local companies that exist around Mexico and they deal with the same commodities as this company. Changes in laws and regulations: changes in the legal system can pose a significant challenge to the company. Laws limiting international investors and promoting domestic companies could affect the company’s operations internationally. International companies may be required to pay extra tax which increases the final product costs in relations to the domestic market prices. Political instability: political instability in the Mexico could result in reductions of the company’s profits. Exchange rate changes: Exchange rates fluctuations affect international prices. If the country’s monetary policy is not effective, inflation would affect the prices of production factors and raw mat erials and this would affect the company’s profitability Changes in trade agreement: Changes in trade agreement between USA and Mexico can also affect the profits and operations of the company in this area.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Expanding into Mexico: Benefits, Risks and Impediments specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Common and Civil law systems in Mexico The Mexican legal system originates from the Greek, Roman, and French legal systems. The law is similar to other common laws around the world. The current Constitution that governs Mexico is based on the Constitution of 1917. The country has a well organized and evolved legal system in contrast to the perception that most foreign people have that the country’s legal system is not adequate. The Mexican laws are similar to the most of the laws in the world as opposed to the US legal system. The US common law is derived from the case law s, statutory laws of England and American civilizations while that of Mexico is derived from the Roman laws that were later refined by the French. In the US, case laws are commonly used to solve judicial cases while in Mexico, case laws are rarely used. The Mexican laws require that international companies running businesses in Mexico are affected by the Mexican law either directly or indirectly even if the business is not located there. The country’s administrative laws are formulated by agencies. They include labor, financial, banking, and taxations laws. These rules are gradually overriding the traditional Mexican laws. Dispute resolution One of the main recognized dispute resolution methods is through arbitration. The law applies to all national and international parties to a dispute unless there are international treaties and laws forbidding the use of arbitration. The Mexico commercial arbitration statute was passed in 1993, and it is used in dispute resolutions. The ar bitration law requires that both parties agree to arbitrate. The failure in arbitrations results in the court litigation where the contract laws apply (Mueller 2). Contract law The fundamental rules that govern Mexico are found in the civil codes of many states in Mexico. These laws stipulate the basic rules of contractual engagements and rules regarding patenting, trademarks, and the negotiable credit instruments. The contract law identifies 20 types of contracts such as associations, bond, chattel mortgages, agency, lease, purchase and sale, deposits, and commodatums among others. Employee labor violations The Mexican labor laws are drawn from the Constitution. They indicate the minimum wage that employees can earn. The laws also state that those paying on an hourly rate must not go below the minimum wage that is allowed. The method of payment is the subject of employees’ consent. Companies must follow these minimum requirements to avoid violations.Advertising Looking for assessment on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Labor contract: the Mexican laws provide the minimum contract period for both executive and non-executive employees. Non-executive employee must be trained for three month while the executive employee must be trained for six months. Outsourcing: the Mexican laws prohibit certain forms of outsourcing. Any outsourcing works must be of a specialized nature and not similar to the work that employee within the company can do. These laws mean that workers will have to get extra benefits due to any additional work. Most companies do not subcontract ordinary works. Termination: The Mexican law details the causes for termination of employment such as fraud, insubordination, drug, alcoholism, immoral conduct among others. The company venturing abroad must understand these laws. Human rights violation The Mexican laws ban all forms of racial, ethnic, national origin, age, disability, health, religion, sex and marital status discriminations. The company must ensure that this does not occur. In Mexico, the human rights abuse is on the rise. Despite the current laws governing the human rights, there are still much human rights abuse in the country (Amnesty International 4). There are large criminal organizations that control the drug and human trafficking trade which the government has not been able to deal with. Criminal gangs always target human rights activist and journalists who expose their cartels. This makes most residents live in fear due to crimes, lawlessness, torture, murder and other atrocities. Impunity in this country is high; crimes are committed by security and military personnel when fighting the drug cartels. Victims are tortured in remand with some common methods as electrocuting, beatings, chocking someone with a plastic bag, threats, and spraying someone with water (Human Rights Watch 3). Child labor law violations In Mexico, child labor laws are high violated. Currently, one out of five children works. A total of 4 million kids under the age of 17 year s work. The country is currently working towards eliminating child labor, and it has already ratified the UN convections on rights of the child of 1989. Perceptions of organization’s that engage in human rights violations and child labor laws Though many see human rights abuse and child rights abuse as being against the law, the government has no machinery and power to control these acts. When establishing the company, it is imperative that human rights are taken into accounts and the company should not engage children in work. European Union The European Union (EU) was formed in 1992, and it is one of the most influential international organizations of the world. The EU was previously known as the European Economic Community. The EU has is based on several policies formed by parliaments, commissions, and ministries. Today, the trade relations between the EU and Mexico are regulated with the help of a free trade agreement which was signed in 2000, providing the country with t he additional possibilities in relation to the development of trade relations with foreign countries. The agreement is based on general democratic principles to protect the interests of both parties. The partnership between the EU and Mexico contributes to the economic growth of the country significantly, with references to the stimulation of the investment flows between Mexico and the international organization. It is possible to speak about the EU as a large export market for Mexico, and this fact contributes to the discussion of the trends in Mexico’s foreign trade. Mexico is rich in minerals which are exported to the EU actively. Moreover, Mexico exports transport and electric equipment to the countries of the EU. It is important to note that the country also imports more innovative variants of the transport and electric equipment from the EU (Derham). Advantages Mexico supports the active trade and political relationships with the EU because a lot of advantages provided for the country. The first advantage is that the EU is a single market which enables companies to trade at an international level using one currency. The second advantage is the monetary union. The EU countries trade with one currency and this makes it easy for a company to trade without the impact of exchange rate changes. The prices of different commodities remain constant. The EU also promises environmental protections and war prevention to the member states, and hence, there is political stability which is suitable for good business (Derham 7). Lastly, the removal of the trade barriers allows companies to expand to other regions within the EU. From this point, Mexico received a lot of opportunities to develop industries and markets depending on the improvement of the effective trade and political relations with the EU. Thus, the main purposes of the EU-Mexico cooperation are to guarantee the free and open trade markets for the parties, to avoid the competition while focusing on the productive cooperation, and to establish the norms of the successful cooperation according to the democratic principles and legal standards. These relations are important for Mexico as well as for the EU because they allow concentrating on the investment flows, liberalization of the markets, open and effective relations between governments. Participating in the agreement, Mexico receives more opportunities to develop trade relations with the European countries according to the globally adopted rules. Thus, the agreement guarantees the countries’ following democratic principles and protecting human rights. Furthermore, minerals and transport equipments are exported and imported by the EU and Mexico to contribute to the further development of the fields. Today, it is possible to speak about definite Mexico’s privileges within the global market which are associated with the active relations between the EU and the country because Mexico is one of the largest partners o f the EU in Latin America (Denti; Derham). Disadvantages Focusing on the certain disadvantages of the EU as an organization, it is important to pay attention to The main disadvantage of the EU is the loss of national sovereignty of the members of the EU. When nations join the EU, they have to obey the rules and regulations set by this economic block which is rather irrespective of the repercussions. Another disadvantage is the fact that small nations have the limited influence on the economic policies set by the EU (Denti 5). However, these points are urgent for the countries which are the members of the EU. The cooperation with the EU is advantageous in its character for all the countries-partners of the organization. Mexico has the closest trade and political relations with the USA, but the focus on the trade and economic relations with the EU provides the country with the opportunity to expand the spheres of the economic impact and diversify trade relations. As a result, Mexico c an compete successfully within the global market while developing the cooperative relations with the EU (Denti). That is why, the agreement between Mexico and the EU adopted in 2000 opened a lot of possibilities for the economic integration and stimulation of the investment flows. Conclusion In conclusion, Mexico is a good country for the company to invest in. There are huge profits expected from the business. Though the legal system is not well established, there are laws in place to protect foreign investors. The main problem with their legal system is the implementation of the laws. The company should go ahead and invest in this country though appropriate risk management strategies must be formulated. Works Cited Amnesty International. Mexico Laws without Justice: Human Rights Violations and  Impunity in the Public Security and Criminal Justice System. 2007. PDF file. Web. Denti, David. The Influence of Small States in the European Union. Iceland: University of Iceland, 2007. P rint Derham, Mark. European Union: Risk-Benefit Analysis. 2010. Web. Human Rights Watch. World Report 2012: Mexico. 2013. PDF file. Web. Mueller, Christa. Arbitration in Mexico. n.d. Web. This assessment on Expanding into Mexico: Benefits, Risks and Impediments was written and submitted by user Wolver-dok to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Every IB English Past Paper Available Free and Official

Every IB English Past Paper Available Free and Official SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips In this article, I cover IB English Literature SL/HL, IB English Language and Literature SL/HL, and IB Literature and Performance SL. These are the core language A options for English speakers. When preparing for one of these IB English exams, you should take a practice test. Where can you find IB English past papers, free and paid? I will answer that question and let you know how to get the most out of these past papers. Where to Find Free IB English Past Papers The IB has been cracking down on illegally uploaded past papers for the past few years, so a lot of previous sources are no longer available. IB has however, uploaded a few official past exams that you can view for free online. Below are links to the IB English Past Papers. English A: literature higher level/standard level: papers 1 2 English A1 higher level: paper 2 English standard level A2: paper 2 I haven’t seen any unofficial IB English exams (ones created by someone that is not from the IBO). If you find any, don’t use them for practice!You need REAL IB English past papers to get realistic practice. Where to Find Paid IB English Past Papers The only safe and reliable place to buy IB English past papers is from the IBO at the Follet IB Store. The IBO sells past IB English Literature SL papers, IB English Literature HL papers, IB English Language and Literature SL papers, IB English Language and Literature HL papers,and IB Literature and Performance SLpapers from 2013 onward. The site is somewhat hard to navigate, but using the search bar several times got me where I wanted to be eventually. How to Get the Most of Each Past Paper One complete test will take you 3 hours for SL or 4 hours for HL. If you are going to invest that much time, you need to be maximizing your learning. To do so, follow these rules. Rule 1: Take Paper 1 and Paper 2 on Separate Days IBO splits up all of the IB English tests over two days. You should too. That way you get realistic practice, mimicking the actual testing schedule. Rule 2: Time Yourself You need to get used to the timing. Here is the time allowed: English Literature SL Paper 1- 1 hour 30 minutes Paper 2- 1 hour 30 minutes English Literature HL Paper 1- 2 hours Paper 2- 2 hours English Language and Literature SL Paper 1- 1 hour 30 minutes Paper 2- 1 hour 30 minutes English Language and Literature HL Paper 1- 2 hours Paper 2- 2 hours Literature and Performance SL Paper 1- 1 hour 30 minutes Paper 2- 1 hour 30 minutes Make sure you stick to this exact timing. Don’t give yourself any extra time. Otherwise, you will not be prepared for the pacing of the actual test. Research to Action / Flickr Rule 3: Review With the Mark Scheme After completing your full test, review your answers. You must review to learn from your errors and not make them on the actual test. Take an hour to review. While this may seem like you are wasting time that you could be spending on other practice, it’s not. You need to emphasize the quality of your practice and no the quantity of practice. I’d rather you take two practice tests with good review than eight tests with no review. What’s Next? Want more tips for IB English?Then check out our completeIB English study guidefor all the info you need. Impatient to get your IB scores?Learn when IB results and scores come out. Did you know thatyou can take some IB classes online?Check out our complete guide to online IB courses, including which classes you can take online and if you can get an online IB diploma. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Water pollution- a key to wastewater management Essay

Water pollution- a key to wastewater management - Essay Example Water can be referred as the lifeblood of socio-economic development of a nation. In recent years, climate change has displaced other environmental issues to become the world's number one problem.But the alarming water scarcity is an issue as important and even more immediate threat. The Earth, with its abundant and diverse life forms, including more than six billion human beings, at the 21st century is confronting a severe water crisis. A decade ago it was announced that by 2025 one third of the world population suffer this shortage, but that threshold has already been reached. Two billion people suffer from this problem and by 2025, that calculation could be double (more than four billion, taking into account the increase of the world population), unless there are changes in the trends of today. Demand for water is increasing rapidly, but its supply is limited, decreases and is affected by the deterioration of watersheds due to deforestation and erosion (Johnson, Revenga and Echeve rria 1071). The underground fluid extraction has caused declines in groundwater levels in India, China, Russia, the United States and Western Asia. The global population explosion, breathless advancement on the scientific front, the surge in standard of living of man, and his ingenuity in abusing scientific knowledge, all have placed accumulative demands on natural resources of water. Overlying on this is the water pollution problem which deeply affects the utility of available supplies (Stander 774). The water supply specifically comprises of that found in lakes, underground reservoirs, along with that is brought from afar by pipelines and canals. Some of it evaporates, some is utilized for farming and some passes to the ground. The remainder referred as run-off is liberated into surface streams and runs into the ocean. As suggested by Packman, â€Å"Of the 30 inches of average annual precipitation in the United States, about 8.5 inches, or 1.2 trillion gallons a day, is run-offâ € . This research attempts to explore the answers to the question that is since water scarcity is growing day by day, being an important cause of the issue, can improvement in wastewater management help in solving the problem? The main argument for the research could be that the waste water management can be improved while the other side focuses on the increasing industrialization which hinders the efficiency of wastewater management. So in order to investigate the answer to my research question, various sources are rhetorically analyzed and various views on the topic are generated. â€Å"Global Water Shortage: Will the Earth run out of fresh water?† This is a research paper written by Mary H. Cooper and serves as a comprehensive source for acknowledging the issue of water shortage worldwide. The article introduces the topic as a controversy that revolves around the most essential commodity for life i.e. water. The author thoroughly analyzed the issue and proposed that the re are several causes of water shortage, including the population growth, mismanagement of water resources as well as pollution. The author persuasively conveys that the in order to address the water shortage issue, there are less number of pragmatic technological solutions are available. So the ways suggested by the author to cut down demand include the conservation measures and letting consumers pay off the actual cost of the water utilized by them. According to author, water mismanagement has turned a large proportion of the fresh water of the world into a leading infectious disease source. And the sewage and the waste water treatment are referred as the main culprit. Although the source does not provide a single solution, but the pros and cons of the water management are provided (Cooper). â€Å"Water for the Future† This topic refers to a report by M. Packman. In the given report, the author had explored the various water resources available to the world along with the